Drug trio improved effectiveness of cancer treatment, protected heart

Abstract 16494 - Embargoed until 8 a.m. PT /11 a.m. ET

November 06, 2012 Categories: Heart News, Scientific Conferences & Meetings
This news release is featured in a news conference at 8 a.m. PT on Tuesday, Nov. 6.
 
Study Highlights:
  • Combining either sildenafil or rapamycin with cancer medication doxorubicin protected the heart from damage and improved doxorubicin’s ability to kill cancer cells.
  • Combining all three – sildenafil, rapamycin and doxorubicin increased these protective benefits.
  • Researchers believe the combination therapy could potentially improve the life expectancy of cancer patients.
American Heart Association Meeting Report:
LOS ANGELES, Nov. 6, 2012 — Combining cancer medication with a drug for erectile dysfunction and one for heart transplants helped kill cancer cells and protected the heart from damage, in a study presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2012.
 
For decades, doxorubicin has been a powerful anti-cancer treatment for various human cancers, including breast, ovarian, colon and prostate. But its use has been limited due to harmful, possibly irreversible effects on the heart.
 
In this study, using cell and animal models, researchers found that sildenafil alone or in combination with rapamycin (an immunosuppressant used to prevent post-transplant organ rejection) significantly improved the anti-cancer effects of doxorubicin while protecting the heart. The combination of all three medications showed the most powerful effect, researchers said.
 
“Because sildenafil and rapamycin are clinically approved drugs that both protect heart muscle, we thought that combining these drugs with doxorubicin would be a unique strategy to eliminate the cardiac side effects of doxorubicin while further improving its cancer-killing ability,” said Rakesh Kukreja, Ph.D., study co-author and professor of internal medicine and cardiology, Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Medicine in Richmond.
 
“The drug combination led to a dramatic protection of heart muscle from apoptosis (cellular self-destruction) and, to a lesser extent, necrosis (cell death from disease),” said David E. Durrant, study lead author and Ph.D. candidate at the VCU School of Medicine. “We think this combination therapy may have excellent potential to move forward into clinical trials and eventually improve life expectancy of cancer patients.”
 
More research is needed to understand how sildenafil and rapamycin work together to improve doxorubicin treatment, Durrant said.
 
Co-authors are Anindita Das, Ph.D. and Fadi Salloum, Ph.D. Author disclosures are on the abstract.
 
The National Institutes of Health funded the study.
 
Read more about other research using rapamycin.
 
Follow news from the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2012 via Twitter: @HeartNews.
 
Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position.  The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events.  The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content.  Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.
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Note: Actual presentation is 9 a.m. PT/ 12 noon ET, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012 in Room 515a.
 
All downloadable video/audio interviews, B-roll, animation and images related to this news release are located on the right column of the release link located at http://newsroom.heart.org/pr/aha/_prv-drug-trio-improved-effectiveness-239566.aspx.
Video clips with researchers/authors of studies will be added to the release links after embargo. 
 
For Media Inquiries:
AHA News Media in Dallas: (214) 706-1173
AHA News Media Office, Nov. 3-7
at the Los Angeles Convention Center: (213) 743-6205
For Public Inquiries: (800) AHA-USA1 (242-8721)
heart.org and strokeassociation.org 

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