New resources help healthcare providers understand, diagnose mystery strokes

May 18, 2015 Categories: Program News

DALLAS – May 18, 2015 – A new guide helps healthcare professionals better understand and diagnose strokes of unknown cause. The free resource is part of an American Heart Association/American Stroke Association initiative in collaboration with Medtronic plc (NYSE: MDT) which aims to reduce the rate of recurrent strokes in the U.S.

Every year, nearly 800,000 Americans have a stroke, the fifth leading cause of death and a primary cause of disability. The most common type of stroke, called "ischemic," occurs when blood vessels carrying oxygen and nutrients to the brain are blocked by a clot causing brain cells to die. Thirty percent of ischemic strokes have no known cause, even after thorough diagnostic tests are performed during a stroke patient’s hospitalization. These strokes of uncertain origin are deemed “cryptogenic.”

Available for download at StrokeAssociation.org/cs, the Cryptogenic Stroke Guide for Healthcare Professionals is the first resource available in the new cryptogenic stroke toolkit. The guide includes information on diagnostic evaluation and details the many potential causes of cryptogenic stroke, like atrial fibrillation (AF).

People with AF —a common heart condition where the heart beats irregularly or rapidly—are five times more likely to have a stroke, but their condition often goes undiagnosed because episodes occur infrequently and are often not detected by conventional monitoring techniques.

“Recent evidence suggests that up to 30 percent of patients with cryptogenic stroke will demonstrate intermittent atrial fibrillation during prolonged heart rhythm monitoring after the stroke,” said Lee H. Schwamm, M.D., American Stroke Association volunteer spokesperson, executive vice chairman, department of neurology, and director of stroke services at Massachusetts General Hospital. “As insertable cardiac monitors have become more readily available and convenient, they will likely play an increasingly important role in identifying or excluding the presence of atrial fibrillation, or other arrhythmias, in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke.”

The guide includes the following sections:

  • Background information on cryptogenic stroke

  • Suggested diagnostic approaches

  • Treatment pathways that factor in the complexity of identifying potential causes

  • Case studies

The Cryptogenic Stroke Initiative, announced in February at the American Stroke Association’s annual International Stroke Conference, supports the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association’s goal to reduce deaths from stroke by 20 percent by 2020.

“We have a common goal with the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association: to improve the care for patients who have experienced unexplained strokes,” said Nina Goodheart, vice president and general manager of the Medtronic diagnostics business which is part of the Cardiac and Vascular Group at Medtronic. “Medtronic is committed to investing in projects like this and other research that will help treat and prevent strokes and reduce disability from strokes.”

For more information visit StrokeAssociation.org.

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About the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association

The American Heart Association and the American Stroke Association are devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies, and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based American Heart Association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. The American Stroke Association is a division of the American Heart Association. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

About Medtronic

Medtronic plc (www.medtronic.com), headquartered in Dublin, Ireland, is the global leader in medical technology – alleviating pain, restoring health and extending life for millions of people around the world.

Any forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties such as those described in Medtronic's periodic reports on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Actual results may differ materially from anticipated results.

Media Contacts:

American Heart Association

Jayme Sandberg (214) 706-2169; Jayme.Sandberg@heart.org

Medtronic

Ryan Mathre  (763) 514-9625; Ryan.Mathre@medtronic.com