- Researchers found the U.S. population is well below optimal levels of cardiovascular health after applying the Life’s Essential 8™ cardiovascular health scoring, the American Heart Association’s updated metrics to measure heart and brain health.
- Life’s Essential 8™ scoring was calculated using data from more than 23,400 adults and children from national health surveys from 2013-2018. Results show 80% of people in the U.S. have below-optimal cardiovascular health, and scores differed significantly according to age, gender, race/ethnicity, family income and depression status.
- The average cardiovascular health score based on Life’s Essential 8™ was 64.7 (out of a possible 100) for U.S. adults and 65.5 for children.
- Life’s Essential 8™ is more sensitive to differences in cardiovascular health among groups of people and individuals compared to the previous 7-item scoring system that did not include sleep duration.
Embargoed until 4 a.m. CT / 5 a.m. ET Wednesday, June 29, 2022
DALLAS, June 29, 2022 — About 80% of people in the U.S. have low to moderate cardiovascular health based on the American Heart Association’s new Life’s Essential 8™ checklist according to a new study published today in Circulation, the Association’s flagship, peer-reviewed journal. Life’s Essential 8™, also published today in Circulation, details the Association’s updated guidance to measure cardiovascular health, adding healthy sleep as essential for ideal heart and brain health.
The Life’s Essential 8™ metrics are incorporated into the Association’s My Life Check tool to determine a cardiovascular health score based on eight essential components for ideal heart and brain health: diet, physical activity, nicotine exposure, sleep duration, body mass index, blood lipids, blood glucose and blood pressure. It is an updated algorithm from the scientifically proven Life’s Simple 7™, which did not include sleep heath. Life’s Essential 8™ also updated some of the previous version’s metrics to be more sensitive to differences among groups of people. In adults, overall cardiovascular health is calculated for each individual by summing the scores for each of the 8 metrics together and dividing the total by 8, to provide a Life’s Essential 8™ score ranging from 0-100. Thus, the highest or healthiest cardiovascular health score possible is 100. Overall scores below 50 indicate “low” cardiovascular health, 50-79 is considered “moderate” and scores of 80 and above indicate “high” cardiovascular health.
According to this first study using Life’s Essential 8™ as the measure for cardiovascular health, among more than 23,400 U.S. adults and children free of cardiovascular disease, the overall cardiovascular health of the U.S. population is well below ideal, with 80% of adults scoring at a low or moderate level. Researchers evaluated health information from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination surveys in 2013-2018 that included more than 13,500 adults (ages 20-79 years) and nearly 9,900 children (ages 2 to 19 years).
The analysis found:
- Life’s Essential 8™ aligns with Life’s Simple 7™, however, it was more sensitive to differences in cardiovascular health among groups of people and individuals.
- The average cardiovascular health score based on Life’s Essential 8™ was 64.7 for U.S. adults and 65.5 for U.S. children. The children’s average took into consideration age-based modifications for metrics in diet, physical activity and BMI for children ages 2 through 19 years.
- Only 0.45% of adults scored 100 on Life’s Essential 8™.
- 19.6% of U.S. adults had high cardiovascular health; 62.5% moderate; and 17.9% low.
- Adult women had higher average cardiovascular health scores, of 67, compared to men, with a score of 62.5.
- In general, U.S. adults scored lowest in the areas of diet, physical activity and BMI.
- Cardiovascular health scores were generally lower at older ages.
- Individuals who identify as Non-Hispanic Asian Americans had a higher average cardiovascular health score than other racial/ethnic groups. Non-Hispanic White individuals had the second highest average cardiovascular health score, followed, in order, by Hispanic (other than Mexican), Mexican, and Non-Hispanic Black individuals.
- Children’s diet scores were low, at an average of 40.6.
- Adult sociodemographic groups varied notably in cardiovascular health scores for diet, nicotine exposure, blood glucose and blood pressure.
"These data represent the first look at the cardiovascular health of the U.S. population using the AHA's new Life’s Essential 8™ scoring algorithm,” said Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, M.D., Sc.M., FAHA, who led the study and is president of the American Heart Association, and chair of the department of preventive medicine at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. “Overall, the cardiovascular health of the U.S. population is suboptimal, and we see important differences across age and sociodemographic groups. Analyses like this can help policy makers, communities, clinicians and the public to understand the opportunities to intervene to improve and maintain optimal cardiovascular health across the life course.” Lloyd-Jones is also the Eileen M. Foell Professor of Heart Research and professor of preventive medicine, medicine and pediatrics at Northwestern.
Co-authors are Hongyan Ning, M.D., M.S.; Darwin Labarthe, M.D., Ph.D.; LaPrincess Brewer, Ph.D.; Garima Sharma, M.D.; Wayne Rosamond, Ph.D., M.S.; Randi E. Foraker, Ph.D., M.A.; Terrie Black, D.N.P., M.B.A., C.R.R.N.; Michael A. Grandner, Ph.D., M.T.R.; Norrina B. Allen, Ph.D., M.P.H.; Cheryl Anderson, Ph.D., M.P.H., M.S.; Helen Lavretsky, M.D., M.S.; and Amanda M. Perak, M.D., M.S. Authors’ disclosures are listed in the manuscript.
Studies published in the American Heart Association’s scientific journals are peer-reviewed. The statements and conclusions in each manuscript are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect the Association’s policy or position. The Association makes no representation or guarantee as to their accuracy or reliability. The Association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific Association programs and events. The Association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and biotech companies, device manufacturers and health insurance providers and the Association’s overall financial information are available here.
- Multimedia is on right column of release link https://newsroom.heart.org/news/only-1-in-5-people-in-the-u-s-has-optimal-heart-health?preview=ede0b1ea10e4b79b228b6e1f8d4b7a13 and on the Life’s Essential 8™ accompanying news release link provided below.
- After June 29, 2022, view the manuscript online.
- AHA Presidential Advisory on Life’s Essential 8™ (available June 29) | The accompanying News release also is embargoed until 5 am ET June 29
- AHA infographic: How Sleep Affects Your Health
- AHA health information: Sleep plays an important role in heart health
- AHA health information: How to Sleep Better with a Bedtime Routine
- Follow AHA/ASA news on Twitter @HeartNews
About the American Heart Association
The American Heart Association is a relentless force for a world of longer, healthier lives. We are dedicated to ensuring equitable health in all communities. Through collaboration with numerous organizations, and powered by millions of volunteers, we fund innovative research, advocate for the public’s health and share lifesaving resources. The Dallas-based organization has been a leading source of health information for nearly a century. Connect with us on heart.org, Facebook, Twitter or by calling 1-800-AHA-USA1.
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